Why Bat DNA Testing?
Bat species identification through DNA testing can complement traditional surveying methods and your ecological studies. DNA is revolutionising the way ecologists characterise organisms and their habitats, make use of it for your bat characterisation today!
Our bat species DNA testing is able to identify all 17 species of bat currently breeding in the UK, these species are all European protected species. Their breeding sites and resting places are fully protected by law as bat numbers are in decline.
Is Bat DNA Testing Needed?
Bat species identification can contribute greatly towards conservation and population growth. Our DNA testing provides the ideal solution for accurate species determination.
Unfortunately they are under continued threat, these threats include:
- Degradation of woodland habitat, depriving bats of roost sites and hunting grounds
- Reduction in insect numbers due to pesticides, limiting species’ food source
- Loss of roosting sites due to modern construction, renovation of old buildings, insulation methods and the use of unsuitable remedial timber treatments in attic spaces
- Damage to permanent pasture by intensive agricultural practices
How does Bat DNA Testing work?
Bat species identification is made possible by our state-of-the-art molecular analysis of the DNA found in guano (bat faeces). With our bat species identification service, we can accurately and cost-effectively identify any UK bat species from a single dropping.
First we extract the DNA present in the bat dropping sample and carry out multiple washing steps to remove impurities.
Short fragments of a mitochondrial gene region (COI) are amplified with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using highly specific primers. After further cleaning steps, the DNA is then ran through our state-of-the-art genetic analyser and matched against a database of known species, with the highest similarity being the correlating bat species.
Our bat DNA identification service identifies all 17 species of bat found in Britain:
- Alcathoe bat (Myotis alcathoe)
- Barbastelle (Barbastella barbastellus)
- Bechstein’s bat (Myotis bechsteinii)
- Brandt’s bat (Myotis brandtii)
- Brown long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus)
- Common pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus)
- Daubenton’s bat (Myotis daubentonii)
- Greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum)
- Grey long-eared bat (Plecotus austriacus)
- Leisler’s bat (Nyctalus leisleri)
- Lesser horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros)
- Nathusius’ pipistrelle (Pipistrellus nathusii)
- Natterer’s bat (Myotis nattereri)
- Noctule (Nyctalus noctula)
- Serotine (Eptesicus serotinus)
- Soprano pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pygmaeus)
- Whiskered bat (Myotis mystacinus)